This medicine rattle was formed from two halves of rawhide, which were wetted and filled with sand to shape it round.
Plains Indians believed hair had power. Hair was added to many items such as lances, war clubs and war shirts.
These pairs of moccasins are both of men and women.
This treaty or calumet pipe from the Mandan tribe was collected by Prince Maximilian of Wied in 1832.
The first owner of the shield pictured below was that of Sits Down Talking, a Miniconjou Sioux.
This Grass Flattening Wand, called "Owanka Onesto" in Lakota, was used to solemnize ground for the Thunder Beings before a celebration.
The Lakota said that when an elk dies, in time everything decays, but the ivories of an elk can still be found intact.
This 20-inch quirt is made from an extra-long top tine of an elk.
This bag was used to carry eating utensils when visiting friends.
This bow and quiver set is made with summer deer hair and is sinew-sewn.
This courting robe was owned by Chief Blue Thunder, a Brule leader of the Ring Thunder camp on today's Rosebud reservation in the 1870s.
This Lakota cosmetic bag belonged to Owns a Yellow Shield, a Miniconju Sioux.
Chief Swift Bear was head of the Corn Band of the Brule or Burnt Thigh Sioux.
The carved pipe stem belonged to Chief Hare who was a spiritual leader from the Rosebud Reservation.
In a battle around 1840, a Lakota Sioux killed a Crow warrior and captured his lance with its beaded case as war trophies.
Before the Sioux came to rely upon hunting of buffalo for their food, they had been farmers in Minnesota.
Such ropes were used as a rein on a horse or to hang a tipi liner.