Many of the best collection pieces are found in Germany, which had been collected for castles. During World War II, the Nazi government raided and took museum collections so Hitler could have the largest Indian collection in the world. After the war, some museums had artifacts returned. This is a treaty pipe with "Jne 4, 1864" scratched into the bowl from an early Fort Laramie treaty signing. The pipe bowl has skillfully made lead inlay from melted bullets.
Above is a Catlinite bowl and stem. This is a masterpiece of workmanship and was at the 1903 World's Fair in St. Louis to honor the centennial of the Lewis and Clark trip.